"I will stop La Raza!" John Huppenthal
Below, is the portion (15-112) of Arizona House Bill which banned Mexican American Studies in Tucson Unified School District. The full HB 2281 can be found here: http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/2r/bills/hb2281s.pdf
AZ HB 2281 : 15-112 Prohibited courses and classes; enforcement
A. A SCHOOL DISTRICT OR CHARTER SCHOOL IN THIS STATE SHALL NOT INCLUDE
IN ITS PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION ANY COURSES OR CLASSES THAT INCLUDE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
1. PROMOTE THE OVERTHROW OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.
2. PROMOTE RESENTMENT TOWARD A RACE OR CLASS OF PEOPLE.
3. ARE DESIGNED PRIMARILY FOR PUPILS OF A PARTICULAR ETHNIC GROUP.
4. ADVOCATE ETHNIC SOLIDARITY INSTEAD OF THE TREATMENT OF PUPILS AS INDIVIDUALS.
Following, is a summary of the oral arguments presented at the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The entire presentation of arguments can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oj9Xl_zhdsc
(20:16) Student achievement is irrelevant
(21:00) The state has plenary authority to set the curriculum for its public school students
(21:38) Discriminatory Intent – It would appear that this statute is intended to hold back a given group of the student population
(25:00) Please provide an example of a course that would not violate 1, 2, or 4, but would violate 3
(29:27) English Language Learning classes are in violation?
(30:00) Would a course in Chinese American History be in violation?
(30:38) Discriminatory Animus – Is the state of AZ stating that they do not want minorities to develop any ethnic pride?
(31:30) The inference is that AZ wants to make sure that certain groups don’t emerge
(36:45) The removal from the library of a book based solely upon the educational suitability would be perfectly permissible
(37:05) Curriculum is government speech; the government need not share its podium with another speaker